Anopheles bengalensis Puri, 1930




Etymology: Bengal Region, India

Type locality: Marianbarie, Bengal Terai [near Sukna, West Bengal], India

Type depository: Natural History Museum, London, England, United Kingdom (NHMUK) and Malaria Institute of India, Delhi, India (MSI).

NOTE: Collections from MSI were transferred to the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD), Delhi, India (Reinert 1973e:32). 


Rattanarithikul & Harrison 1973 (Thailand)

Lee et al. 1987b

Darsie & Pradhan 1990 (Nepal)

Rattanarithikul et al. 2010 (Thailand)




adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Indomalaya - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Indomalaya - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Indomalaya - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Indomalaya - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Larva

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles bengalensis DNA sequences



Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, People’s Republic of China (includes Hong Kong), Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.



Puri 1930: 955 (M, L; as aitkenii variety)

Christophers 1933: 109 (A, L; taxonomy)

Baisas 1938: 221 (P*, L*)

Puri 1949: 483 (to subspecies)

Reid 1965: 113 (M*, F, P*, L*, E*; to species)

Kanda & Kamimura 1967: 108 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distribution)

Reid 1968: 245 (M, F, P*, L*, E*)

Aslamkhan 1971b (distribution; Pakistan)

Khin-Maung-Kyi 1971b: 282 (as aitkenii variety)

Basio 1971b: 34 (M*, F*; bionomics)

Rattanarithikul & Harrison 1973 (L*; key; Thailand)

Baisas 1974: 47 (M, F, P, L; taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Philippines)

Harrison & Scanlon 1975: 157 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distribution)

Harrison & Klein 1975 (distribution; Cambodia)

Tanaka et al. 1975c: 210 (distribution)

Tanaka et al. 1979: 57 (M*, F*, P, L*; Japan)

Lee et al. 1987b: 50 (F; key, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution, review)

Darsie & Pradhan 1990 (F, L; taxonomy, keys, bionomics, distribution; Nepal)

Oo et al. 2004 (distribution; Myanmar)

Rattanarithikul et al. 2010 (F*, L*; bionomics, distribution, keys; Thailandl)

Namgay et al. 2018 (bionomics, distribution; Bhutan)









Aslamkhan, M. (1971b). The mosquitoes of Pakistan. I. A checklist. Mosquito Systematics, 3(4), 147–159.

Baisas, F.E. (1938). Notes on Philippine mosquitoes. VII. A. Culex (Culex) with banded proboscis and tarsi. B. Anopheles: The pupae of three rare species; the Leucosphyrus-subgroup. Monthly Bulletin of the Bureau of Health (Manila), 18(5), 175–232.

Baisas, F.E. (1974). The mosquito fauna of Subic Bay Naval Reservation, Republic of the Philippines. San Francisco, CA: First Medical Service Wing (PACAF), Technical Report 72-2.

Basio, R.G. (1971b). The Mosquito Fauna of the Philippines (Diptera Culicidae). Monograph No. 4). Manila, Philippines: National Museum of the Philippines.

Christophers, S.R. (1933). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Diptera. Vol. IV. Family Culicidae. Tribe Anophelini. London, England: Taylor and Francis.

Darsie, R.F., Jr., & Pradhan, S.P. (1990). The mosquitoes of Nepal: Their identification, distribution and biology. Mosquito Systematics, 22(2), 69–130.

Harrison, B.A., Scanlon, J.E., & Reid, J.A. (1973). A new synonomy and new species name in the Southeast Asian Anopheles hyrcanus complex. Mosquito Systematics, 5(4), 263–268.

Harrison, B.A., & Scanlon, J.E. (1975). Medical entomology studies. II. The subgenus Anopheles in Thailand (Diptera: Culicidae). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 12(1), iv, 1–307.

Harrison, B.A., & Klein, J.M. (1975). A revised list of the Anopheles of Cambodia. Mosquito Systematics, 7(1), 11–12.

Kanda, T., & Kamimura, K. (1967). New record of Anopheles bengalensis from Amami Islands, southern Japan. Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 18(2–3), 108–113.

Khin-Maung-Kyi. (1971b). The anopheline mosquitoes of Burma. 1. Subgenus Anopheles Meigan. Series Anopheles and Myzorhyncus Edwards. Union of Burma Journal of Life Sciences, 4(2), 281–296.

Lee, D.J., Hicks, M.M., Griffiths, M., Debenham, M.L., Bryan, J.H., Russell, R.C., . . . Marks, E.N. (1987b). The Culicidae of the Australasian Region (Vol. 5). Commonwealth Department of Health, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine Monograph Series, 2. Canberra: Australian Government.

Namgay, R., Drukpa, T., Wangdi, T., Pemo, D., Harbach, R.E., & Somboon, P. (2018). A checklist of the Anopheles mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) in Bhutan. Acta Tropica, 188, 206–212.

Oo, T.T., Storch, V., & Becker, N. (2004). Review of the Anopheles mosquitoes of Myanmar. Journal of Vector Ecology, 29(1), 21–40.

Puri, I.M. (1930). A note on two species of Indian anopheline mosquitoes—A. insulaeflorum Swellengrebel and A. aitkenii James, with its variety bengalensis nov. var. Indian Journal of Medical Research (Calcutta), 17(3), 953–956.

Puri, I.M. (1949). Anophelines of the Oriental Region. In M.F. Boyd (Ed.), Malariology: A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint, by 65 contributors. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Rattanarithikul, R., & Harrison, B.A. (1973). An illustrated key to the Anopheles larvae of Thailand. US Army Medical Component, SEATO, Bangkok, Thailand.

Rattanarithikul, R., Harbach, R.E., Harrison, B.A., Panthusiri, P., Coleman, R.E., & Richardson, J.H. (2010). Illustrated keys to the mosquitoes of Thailand. VI. Tribe Aedini. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 41(1), 1–225.

Reid, J.A. (1965). A revision of the Anopheles aitkenii group in Malaya and Borneo. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 59(1), 106–125.

Reid, J.A. (1968). Anopheline mosquitoes of Malaya and Borneo. Studies from the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia, 31, 1–520.

Tanaka, K., Saugstad, E.S., & Mizusawa, K. (1975c). Mosquitoes of the Ryukyu Archipelago (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 7(3), 207–233.

Tanaka, K., Mizusawa, K., & Saugstad, E.S. (1979). A revision of the adult and larval mosquitoes of Japan (including the Ryukyu Archipelago and Ogasawara Islands) and Korea (Diptera: Culicidae). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 16, 1–987.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles bengalensis species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].