Anopheles atroparvus van Thiel, 1927




Etymology: black, small (L)

Type locality: Bolsward, Friesland, Holland

Type depository: Type non-existent


White 1978

Becker et al. 2010




 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Eastern Palearctic - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Eastern Palearctic - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Australasia - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Australasia - Larva

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles atroparvus DNA sequences



Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Crimean Peninsula, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (includes Corsica), FYRO Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, People’s Republic of China, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia (Southern Dists.), Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom.



van Thiel 1927: 389 (A; maculipennis variety)

Hackett & Missiroli 1935 (M*, L*, E*; bionomics, distribution)

Bates 1940: 351 (to subspecies)

Rioux 1958: 108 (E*; taxonomy)

Sicart & Ruffie 1960: 635 (P)

Kitzmiller et al. 1967: 158 (chromosomes*)

Bianchi 1968 (to species)

Farci et al. 1973 (chromosomes*)

Fraccaro et al. 1976: 27 (chromosomes)

Mezzanotte & Ferrucci 1978 (taxonomy; s.l.)

White 1978 (taxonomy, review, keys, distribution)

Ramsdale & Snow 2000 (distribution, Europe)

Linton et al. 2002b (bionomics, molecular taxonomy, distribution; England)

Linton et al. 2003 (review; Maculipennis Complex)

Nicolescu et al. 2004 (molecular taxonomy, distribution; Romania)

Sinka et al. 2010a: 117 (bionomics, review, distribution, niche model)

Becker et al. 2010: 173 (E*; key, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics)

Danabalan et al. 2014 (bionomics, distribution; United Kingdom)

Robert et al. 2019 (distribution; western Palearctic)



syn. fallax Roubaud

1934: 740 (M, E*; maculipennis variety). Type locality: Near Caen [Calvados], Normandy, France (PIP?). References: Bates 1940: 354 (synonymy).

syn. cambournaci Roubaud & Treillard

1936: 730 (F, L, E*; as atroparvus race). Type locality: Aquas de Moura Region [Setubal], Portugal (PIP?). References: Bates 1940: 354 (synonymy).






Bates, M. (1940). The nomenclature and taxonomic status of the mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis complex. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 33(2), 343–356.

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Bianchi, U. (1968). Sulla tassonomia di Anopheles labranchiae ed Anopheles atroparvus. Rivista di malariologia, 29(3), 221–226.

Danabalan, R., Monaghan, M.T., Ponsonby, D.J., & Linton, Y.-M. (2014). Occurrence and host preferences of Anopheles maculipennis group mosquitoes in England and Wales. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 28, 169–178.

Farci, A., Laudani, U., & Lecis, A.R. (1973). A revision of the banding pattern of salivary chromosomes of Anopheles atroparvus (Diptera: Nematocera). Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 11, 304–310.

Fraccaro, M., Laudani, U., Marchi, A., & Tiepolo, L. (1976). Karyotype, DNA replication and origin of sex chromosomes in Anopheles atroparvus. Chromosoma, 55(1), 27–36.

Hackett, L.W., & Missiroli, A. (1935). The varieties of Anopheles maculipennis and their relation to the distribution of malaria in Europe. Rivista di malariologia, 14(1), 45–109.

Kitzmiller, J.B., Frizzi, G., & Baker, R.H. (1967). Evolution and speciation within the maculipennis complex of the genus Anopheles. In J.W. Wright & R. Pal (Eds.), Genetics of Insect Vectors of Disease (pp. 151–210). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., & Harbach, R.E. (2002b). Molecular confirmation of sympatric populations of Anopheles messeae and Anopheles atroparvus overwintering in Kent, southeast England. European Mosquito Bulletin, 13, 8–16.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Zounos, A.K., & Harbach, R.E. (2003). Morphological and molecular characterization of Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis Meigen, type species of the genus and nominotypical member of the Maculipennis Complex. Systematic Entomology, 28(1), 39–55.

Mezzanotte, R., & Ferrucci, L. (1978). Recognition of the sibling species Anopheles atroparvus (Van Thiel) and Anopheles labranchiae (Falleroni) (Diptera, Culicidae) on the basis of Q and C banding. Monitore zoologica Italiano, 12, 211–218.

Nicolescu, G., Linton, Y.-M., Vladimirescu, A., Howard, T.M., & Harbach, R.E. (2004). Mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Romania, with the discovery and formal recognition of a new species based on molecular and morphological evidence. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 94, 525–535.

Ramsdale, C.D., & Snow, K. (2000). Distribution of the genus Anopheles in Europe. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 1–26.

Rioux, J.A. (1958). Les culicides du Midi Mediterraneen étude systematique et écologique. Encyclopedie entomologique A, 35, 1–303.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Roubaud, M.E. (1934). Un type racial nouveau de l’Anopheles maculipennis. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 27, 737–740.

Roubaud, M.E., & Treillard, M. (1936). Sur une variété portugaise do l’Anopheles maculipennis (groupe atroparvus). Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 29, 726–730.

Sicart, M., & Ruffie, J. (1960). Étude sur les nymphes des culicines du sous-bassin Aquitain. Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée, 35, 631–647.

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J., Manguin, S., Coetzee, M., Mbogo, C.M., Hemingway, J., . . . Hay, S.I. (2010a). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: Occurrence, data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3(117), 1–34.

van Thiel, P.H. (1927). Sur l’origine des variations de taille de l’Anopheles maculipennis dans les Pays-Bas. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 20, 366–390.

White, G.B. (1978). Systematic reappraisal of the Anopheles maculipennis complex. Mosquito Systematics, 10(1), 13–44.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles atroparvus species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].