Anopheles rufipes (Gough, 1910)




Etymology: reddish foot (L)

Type locality: Onderstepoort, Transvaal, [Republic of South Africa]

Type depository: Location unknown (LU)







adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Larva


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles rufipes DNA sequences

Associated Pathogens



Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar (includes Glorioso and Juan de Nova Islands), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Republic of South Africa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (includes Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.



(Gough) 1910: 119 (F; Nyssorhynchus pretoriensis variety)

Macfie & Ingram 1922 (F*)

Lewis 1934 (E*)

Evans 1938: 349 (M, F*, P, L*, E*)

De Meillon 1947b: 221 (M*, F*, L*, E*)

Hamon et al. 1961b: 24 (taxonomy)

Gillies & De Meillon 1968: 244 (M*, F*, P, L*, E*; synonymy)

Ribeiro & da Cunha Ramos 1975: 27 (distribution)

Service 1976a (distribution; Gabon)

Kyalo et al. 2017 (distribution; sub-Saharan Africa)



syn. watsoni Edwards

1911a: 143 (M, F). Type locality: Katagum [Northern Provinces], Nigeria (NHMUK). References: Kyalo et al. 2017 (distribution, Ghana).

syn. ingrami Edwards

1929c: 322 (A). Type locality: Bole, Gold Coast [Ghana] (NHMUK). References: De Meillon 1947b: 225 (A, P, L); Mattingly 1949a: 23 (P*).



ssp. broussesi Edwards

1929a: 83 (M*, F*, L*). Type locality: Djanet [Fort Charlet], southern Tassili-n-Ajjer Mountains [Saharan Oasis], Algeria (NHMUK). Distribution: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Egypt, Ghana, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria. References: Martini 1930: 170 (M, F, L; tax.; as brousseri, lapsus); Senevet 1933: 201 (P*); De Meillon 1947b: 225 (A, P, L; as ingrami); Mattingly 1949a: 23 (P*; as ingrami); Senevet & Andarelli 1955a: 172 (A*, P*, L*); Rioux 1960: 62 (to ssp.); Gillies & De Meillon 1968: 246 (F*; syn.); Robert et al. 2019 (distr.; western Palearctic). Etymology: André Louis Gaston Brousses.

ssp. syn. ingrami Edwards

1929c: 322 (A; Anopheles rufipes var.). Type locality: Bole, Gold Coast [Ghana] (NHMUK).

ssp. syn. seneveti Rioux

1959: 733 (A). Type locality: Tibesti, North Chad, French Equatorial Africa [Chad] (LU).

ssp. syn. brucechwatti Hamon, Taufflieb, & Dyemkouma

961: 25 (M*, F*). Type locality: Largeau, Chad, French Equatorial Africa (IERT).



De Meillon, B. (1947b). The Anophelini of the Ethiopian geographical region. Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 10(49), 1–272.

Edwards, F.W. (1911a). Some new West African species of Anopheles (sensu lato), with notes on nomenclature. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 2(2), 141–143.

Edwards, F.W. (1929c). Mosquito notes. VIII. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 20(3), 321–343.

Evans, A.M. (1938). Mosquitoes of the Ethiopian Region. II. Anophelini adults and early stages. London, England: British Museum (Natural History).

Gillies, M.T., & De Meillon, B. (1968). The Anophelinae of Africa, south of the Sahara (Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region). Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 54, 1–343.

Gough, L.H. (1910). On a collection of Anopheles made at Onderstepoort in the autumn of 1909. Report of the Government Veterinary Bacteriologist, Union of South Africa 1908–09, 115–121.

Hamon, J., & van Someren, E.C.C. (1961b). Les Eretmapodites du groupe Oedipodius Graham. II. Description de E. grenieri sp. n. et clé de détermination des espèces et sous-espècies du groupe oedipodius. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 54(4), 907–913.

Kyalo, D., Amratia, P., Mundia, C.W., Mbogo, C.M., Coetzee, M., & Snow, R.W. (2017). A geo-coded inventory of anophelines in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara: 1898–2016. Wellcome Open Research, 2, 57.

Macfie, J.W.S., & Ingram, A. (1922). On the genital armature of the female mosquito. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 16(2), 157–188.

Mattingly, P.F. (1949a). Anopheline pupae (Diptera, Culicidae) from West Africa. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 43(1), 23–25.

Ribeiro, H., & da Cunha Ramos, H. (1975). Research on the mosquitoes of Angola. VI. The genus Anopheles Meigen 1818 (Diptera. Culicidae). Check-list with new records, keys to the females and larvae, distribution and bioecological notes. García de Orta: Serie de Zoologica, 4(1), 1–40.

Service, M.W. (1976a). Contribution to the knowledge of the mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) of Gabon. Cahiers ORSTOM Série entomologie médicale et parasitologie, 14(3), 259–263.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles rufipes species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].