Anopheles pullus Yamada, 1937




Etymology: dark, dusky (L) [overall color]

Type locality: Keiki-do and South Tyuseido, Chosen, Korea

Type depository: Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (IID)



Otsuru & Ohmori 1960




adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

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WRBU - Genera - Australasia - Adult

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WRBU - Genera - Australasia - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Adult

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WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Larva

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WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Australasia - Adult

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Larva

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WRBU - Anopheles (Ano.) Myzorhynchus Series - Australasia - Adult

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WRBU - Anopheles (Ano.) species - Eastern Palearctic - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles (Ano.) species - Eastern Palearctic - Larva


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles pullus DNA sequences

Associated Pathogens



Australia, Japan, People’s Republic of China, South Korea.



Yamada 1937: 238 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*)

Reid 1953: 52 (taxonomy)

Ohmori 1957 (M*, E*)

Ohmori 1959: 222 (P*; as yatsushiroensis)

Otsuru & Ohmori 1960: 50 (M*, F*, P, L, E*; keys; as yatsushiroensis)

Hong & Ree 1968: 118 (M*, F; distribution; as yatsushiroensis)

Tanaka et al. 1979: 79 (M*, F*, P, L, E)

Tanaka et al. 1979: 80 (M, F*, P, L, E; as yatsushiroensis)

Qu & Zhu 2008 (distribution; People’s Republic of China)



syn. yatsushiroensis Miyazaki

1951: 195 (M*, F*, E*). Type locality: Yatsushiro City, Kumamoto Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan (KU). References: Shin & Hong 2001 (synonymy); Rueda et al. 2005 (to species); Wilkerson et al. 2003 (syn. with pullus); Hwang et al. 2004: 99 (molecular support for synonymy); Qu & Zhu 2008 (syn. with pullus).

syn. xiaokuanus Ma

1981b: 67 (M*, F*, E*). Type locality: Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang Province, China [People’s Republic of China] (IZ). References: Miao et al. 1988 (same as An. yatsushiroensis (= pullus) from Sichuan).

syn. junlianensis Lei

1996 (M*, F*, P, L*). Type locality: Sichuan, China [People’s Republic of China] (SIP). References: Ma et al. 2000 (syn. with yatsushiroensis); Ma & Xu 2005 (as species); Qu & Zhu 2008: 211 (as syn. of pullus).






Hong, H.K., & Ree, H.I. (1968). Two unreported anopheline mosquitoes in Korea. Korean Journal of Zoology, 11(4), 118–120.

Hwang, U.W., Yong, T.S., & Ree, H. (2004). Molecular evidence for synonymy of Anopheles yatsushiroensis and An. pullus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 20(2), 99–104.

Lei, X. (1996). A new species of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae). Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 15(1), 1–4.

Ma, S. (1981b). Studies on the Anopheles (A.) sinensis group of mosquitoes in China, including four new sibling species. Sinozoologia, 1(1), 59–70.

Ma, Y., & Xu, J. (2005). The hyrcanus group of Anopheles (Anopheles) in China (Diptera: Culicidae): Species discrimination and phylogenetic relationships inferred by ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer 2 sequences. Journal of Medical Entomology, 42(4), 610–619.

Ma, Y., Qu, F., Lei, X., & Dong, X. (2000b). Comparison of rDNA-ITS2 sequences and morphological characters of Anopheles kunmingensis and Anopheles liangshanensis [liangshanensis] in China, with discussion on taxonomic status. Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, 18(2), 65–68.

Miao, J., Pan, J., & Jiang, W. (1988). Hybridization and chromosome observations on six species of the Anopheles hyrcanus group in China (Diptera: Culicidae). Zoological Research, 9(3), 231–237.

Miyazaki, I. (1951). On a new anopheline mosquito Anopheles yatsushiroensis n. sp. found in Kyushu, with some remarks on two related species of the genus. Kyushi Memoirs of Medical Sciences, 2(3), 195–206.

Ohmori, Y. (1957). On the male hypopygium of the sinensis group of anopheline mosquitoes in Japan. Acta médica et biological, Niigata, 5, 209–217.

Ohmori, Y. (1959). The pupae of Japanese Anopheles. Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 10, 210–225.

Otsuru, M., & Ohmori, Y. (1960). Malaria studies in Japan after World War II. Part II. The research for Anopheles sinensis sibling species group. Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine, 30, 33–65.

Qu, F., & Zhu, H. (2008). On a checklist of the anopheline mosquitoes in China with rectification for some specific names. Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, 26(3), 210–216.

Reid, J.A. (1953). The Anopheles hyrcanus group in south-east Asia. (Diptera: Culicidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 44(1), 5–76.

Rueda, L. M., Ma, Y.-J., Song, G.-H., & Gao, Q. (2005). Notes on the distribution of Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis Wiedemann (Diptera: Culicidae) in China and the status of some Anopheles hyrcanus group type specimens from China. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 107(1), 235–238.

Shin, E.-H., & Hong, H.K. (2001). A new synonym of Anopheles (Anopheles) pullus Yamada, 1937—A. (A.) yatsushiroensis Miyazaki, 1951. Korean Journal of Entomology, 31(1), 1–5.

Tanaka, K., Mizusawa, K., & Saugstad, E.S. (1979). A revision of the adult and larval mosquitoes of Japan (including the Ryukyu Archipelago and Ogasawara Islands) and Korea (Diptera: Culicidae). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 16, 1–987.

Wilkerson, R.C., Li, C., Rueda, L.M., Kim, H., Klein, T.A., Song, G.-H., & Strickman, D. (2003). Molecular confirmation of Anopheles (Anopheles) lesteri from the Republic of South Korea and its genetic identity with An. (Ano.) anthropophagus from China (Diptera: Culicidae). Zootaxa, 378, 1–14.

Yamada, M. (1937). A new species of Anopheles in Chosen (Korea). Keijo Journal of Medicine, 8, 237–255, 5pls.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles pullus species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].