Anopheles pretoriensis (Theobald, 1903)




Etymology: Pretoria, Republic of South Africa

Type locality: Pretoria [Transvaal, Republic of South Africa]

Type depository: Natural History Museum, London, England, United Kingdom (NHMUK)







adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Larva


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles pretoriensis DNA sequences



Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso and Juan de Nova Islands), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Republic of South Africa, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (includes Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.



(Theobald) 1903a: 99 (F*, L*; Nyssorhynchus)

Evans 1938: 358 (M*, F*, P, L*, E*)

De Meillon 1947b: 225 (M*, F*, L*, E*)

Service 1970a: 648 (F*); Ahmed et al. 2011 (distribution; Saudi Arabia)

Kyalo et al. 2017 (distribution; sub-Saharan Africa)



syn. tibani Patton

1905: 629 (M*, F*, L*, E*). Type locality: Hinterland up to Jehat, 6,800 ft [West Aden Protectorate] [Yemen] (NHMUK). References: Mattingly & Knight 1956: 96 (taxonomy).






Ahmed, A.M., Shaalan, E.A., Aboul-Soud, M.A.M., Tripet, F., & Al-Khedhairy, A.A. (2011). Mosquito vectors survey in the Al-Ahsaa district of eastern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Insect Science, 11, 176.

De Meillon, B. (1947b). The Anophelini of the Ethiopian geographical region. Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 10(49), 1–272.

Evans, A.M. (1938). Mosquitoes of the Ethiopian Region. II. Anophelini adults and early stages. London, England: British Museum (Natural History).

Gillies, M.T., & De Meillon, B. (1968). The Anophelinae of Africa, south of the Sahara (Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region). Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 54, 1–343.

Gough, L.H. (1910). On a collection of Anopheles made at Onderstepoort in the autumn of 1909. Report of the Government Veterinary Bacteriologist, Union of South Africa 1908–09, 115–121.

Hamon, J., & van Someren, E.C.C. (1961b). Les Eretmapodites du groupe Oedipodius Graham. II. Description de E. grenieri sp. n. et clé de détermination des espèces et sous-espècies du groupe oedipodius. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 54(4), 907–913.

Hamon, J., Taufflieb, R., & Dyemkouma, A. (1961b). Observations sur la variabilité d’Anopheles rufipes, Gough, 1910, avec description d’une nouvelle variété. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 54(1), 24–28.

Kyalo, D., Amratia, P., Mundia, C.W., Mbogo, C.M., Coetzee, M., & Snow, R.W. (2017). A geo-coded inventory of anophelines in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara: 1898–2016. Wellcome Open Research, 2, 57.

Macfie, J.W.S., & Ingram, A. (1922). On the genital armature of the female mosquito. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 16(2), 157–188.

Mattingly, P.F., & Knight, K.L. (1956). The mosquitoes of Arabia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 43(3), 91–141.

Patton, W.S. (1905). The culicid fauna of the Aden Hinterland, their haunts and habits. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 16(4), 623–637.

Ribeiro, H., & da Cunha Ramos, H. (1975). Research on the mosquitoes of Angola. VI. The genus Anopheles Meigen 1818 (Diptera. Culicidae). Check-list with new records, keys to the females and larvae, distribution and bioecological notes. García de Orta: Serie de Zoologica, 4(1), 1–40.

Service, M.W. (1970a). A new Anopheles (Dipt., Culicidae) from Nigeria and a note on A. pretoriensis (Theobald). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59, 647–649.

Service, M.W. (1976a). Contribution to the knowledge of the mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) of Gabon. Cahiers ORSTOM, Série entomologie médicale et parasitologie, 14(3), 259–263.

Theobald, F.V. (1903a). A monograph of the Culicidae of the World (Vol. 3). London, England: British Museum (Natural History).



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles pretoriensis species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].