Anopheles melanoon Hackett, 1934




Etymology: black egg (Gr)

Type locality: [Viareggio, Tuscany], Italy

Type depository: Location Unknown (LU)



Bates et al. 1949

White 1979

Becker et al. 2010



 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles - Republic of Georgia - Adult


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles melanoon DNA sequences



Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, France (includes Corsica), FYRO Macedonia, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy (includes Sardinia), Kosovo, Moldova, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Russia (Southern Dists.), Serbia, Spain, Turkey



Hackett 1934: 113 (M*, L*, E*)

Bates et al. 1949 (F, L, E*; keys; to sp; includes subalpinus)

Bates et al. 1949: 439 (E*)

Aitken 1953: 332 (E; bionomics)

Rioux 1958: 106 (M*; taxonomy)

Postiglione et al. 1970 (distribution; includes subalpinus)

White 1979 (taxonomy, review, keys, distribution)

Sichinava et al. 1983 (distribution; Georgia; as subalpinus)

Glick 1992: 129 (distribution; as subalpinus)

Alten et al. 2000 (distribution; Turkey)

Eritja et al. 2000: 11 (distribution; Spain)

Linton et al. 2002 (molecular taxonomy, syn. of subalpinus)

Linton et al. 2003 (review; Maculipennis Complex)

Nicolescu et al. 2004 (molecular taxonomy, distribution; Romania)

Linton et al. 2007 (molecular taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Greece)

Rueda et al. 2008 (distribution, Iraq)

Becker et al. 2010: 175 (E*; key, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics; including subalpinus)

Namazov 2014 (distribution; Azerbaijan)

Robert et al. 2019 (distribution; western Palearctic)



syn. subalpinus Hackett & Lewis

1935: 378 (M, L, E*; maculipennis variety). Type locality: Albania (LU). References: Cianchi et al. 1987 (chromosomes, as subspecies); Ribeiro et al. 1988: 234 (to species from subspecies melanoon); Linton et al. 2002 (E, molecular taxonomy; synonymy).






Aitken, T.H.G. (1953). The anopheline fauna of Sardinia. American Journal of Hygiene Monograph Series, 20, 303–352.

Alten, B., Caglar, S.S., & Ozer, N. (2000). Malaria and its vectors in Turkey. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 27–33.

Bates, M., Beklemishev, W.N., & La Face, L. (1949). Anophelines of the Palearctic region. In M.F. Boyd (Ed.), Malariology: A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint, by 65 contributors (pp. 419–442). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Cianchi, R., Sabatini, A., Boccolini, D., Bullini, L., & Coluzzi, M. (1987). Electrophoretic evidence of reproductive isolation between sympatric populations of Anopheles melanoon and An. subalpinus. Paper presented at the Third International Congress on Malaria amd Babiosis, International Laveran Foundation, Annecy, France, p. 1560.

Eritja, R., Aranda, C., Padrós, J., Goula, M., Lucientes, J., Escosa, R., . . . Cáceres, F. (2000). An annotated checklist and bibliography of the mosquitoes of Spain (Diptera: Culicidae). European Mosquito Bulletin, 8, 10–18.

Glick, J.I. (1992). Illustrated key to the female Anopheles of southwestern Asia and Egypt (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 24(2), 125–153.

Hackett, L.W. (1934). The present status of our knowledge of the sub-species of Anopheles maculipennis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 28(2), 109–128.

Hackett, L.W., & Lewis, D.J. (1935). A new variety of Anopheles maculipennis in southern Europe. Rivista di malariologia, 14(5), 377–383.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., & Harbach, R.E. (2002a). Observations on the taxonomic status of Anopheles subalpinus Hackett & Lewis and An. melanoon Hackett. European Mosquito Bulletin, 13, 1–7.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., & Harbach, R.E. (2002a). Observations on the taxonomic status of Anopheles subalpinus Hackett & Lewis and An. melanoon Hackett. European Mosquito Bulletin, 13, 1–7.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Zounos, A.K., & Harbach, R.E. (2003). Morphological and molecular characterization of Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis Meigen, type species of the genus and nominotypical member of the Maculipennis Complex. Systematic Entomology, 28(1), 39–55.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Zounos, A.K., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Patsoula, E., & Harbach, R.E. (2007). The Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Greece. Journal of Natural History, 41(41–44), 2683–2699.

Namazov, N.D. (2014). The distribution of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Entomological Review, 92, 280–282.

Nicolescu, G., Linton, Y.-M., Vladimirescu, A., Howard, T.M., & Harbach, R.E. (2004). Mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Romania, with the discovery and formal recognition of a new species based on molecular and morphological evidence. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 94, 525–535.

Postiglione, M., Smiraglia, C.B., Lavagnino, A., Gokberk, C., & Ramsdale, C.D. (1970). A preliminary note on the occurrence in Turkey of the subalpinus form of the A. maculipennis complex. Rivista di malariologia, 31, 155–158.

Ribeiro, H., da Cunha Ramos, H., Pires, C.A., & Capela, R.A. (1988). An annotated checklist of the mosquitoes of continental Portugal (Diptera, Culicidae). Actas Congreso Ibérico de Entomología, Granada, 3, 233–254.

Rioux, J.A. (1958). Les culicides du Midi Mediterraneen étude systematique et écologique. Encyclopedie entomologique A, 35, 1–303.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Rueda, L.M., Pecor, J.E., Lowen., R. G., & Carder, M. (2008). New record and updated checklist of the mosquitoes of Afghanistan and Iraq. Journal of Vector Ecology, 3(2), 397–402.

Sichinava, S.G., Stegni, V.N., & Sipovich, N.G. (1983). The prevalence and biology of Anopheles maculipennis Meig., 1818 in Western Georgia. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR, 112(2), 417–420.

White, G.B. (1979). Identification of mosquitoes as vectors of malaria and filariasis. In A.E.R. Tayor and R. Muller (Eds.), Symposia of the British Society for Parasitology (Problems in the identification of parasites and their vectors), 17, 103–143.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles melanoon species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].